Tractor Mower

Riding Mower Won't Start Just Clicks

Riding Mower Won't Start Just Clicks

This is a problem that usually arises in the spring, and for most the fix is really simple. You've come to the right place, and you'll be cutting grass shortly.

 

So what's the problem with a riding mower that won't start just clicks? The most common reason for the clicking sound when you turn the key is a flat battery, other possible reasons include:

 

Yes, it's a long list, but you won't have to check all of them, I'll bet your problem is one of the first three, I have listed the likely causes in order of commonality.

 

If your mower won't crank and makes no click sound - Check out "Lawn Tractor Won't Start".

 

Bad Battery Connections

Bad battery connections are very common, and by bad I mean the power is not passing from the battery to the cables because the battery connections are loose, dirty or damaged.

 

Loose Connections

Battery cables become loose because lawn tractors vibrate a lot, this is why it's a good idea to service your mower at the start of every season, no matter how well she runs.

 

Dirty Connections

Are usually caused by a weeping of battery acid at the battery poles. The acid then crystallizes causing high resistance, it looks like a white chalky build up on the connectors.

 

Cleaning Connections

To clean the connections, add a couple of spoons of baking soda and a small amount of water, poor this on to the build up of acid on the connections and battery poles. 

 

The soda neutralises and removes the acid, you'll need gloves and protective eye wear. After removing the acid, go ahead and remove the connectors and give them a good cleaning with a wire brush or sandpaper.

 

If you have some petroleum jelly, a small coat will prevent a future build up.

 

 

mower battery

Connector

Mower blades and engines cause a lot of vibration, bolts come loose from time to time.

Check that both connections, positive (RED + ) and negative (BLACK - ) are clean and tight.

Cables

Check the cables for damage, corrosion, mice find them irresistible


Battery Connections

Connector


riding mower battery

Mower blades and engines cause a lot of vibration, bolts come loose from time to time.

Check that both connections, positive (RED +) and negative (BLACK -) are clean and tight.

Cables


riding mower cables

Check the cables for damage, corrosion, mice find them irresistible.

Flat/Faulty Battery

A flat battery is a real pain in the ass. I know what it's like, you just want to cut the grass, right? The fastest way to solve this problem is to jump start the mower.

 

 

Leaking Battery

It's usually only wet batteries that leak, so best to check your electrolyte level and top up if necessary. As you know acid will burn the skin and eyes, so, you know, gloves etc.

 

If the acid build up is excessive, your battery may be on its last legs, so don't be surprised if it has failed or does so soon. Batteries are easy to fit, just be sure the battery is the correct size and the poles are in the proper places.

 

Jump Starting

You'll need jump leads and any 12 volt vehicle. Most cars, trucks and even Hybrids have a regular 12 volt battery fitted, sometimes finding it is the hardest part. If you're unsure of the voltage, when you find the battery, a sticker on the casing will indicate 12v.

 

Of course your battery might just be faulty, jump starting will probably get you rolling but the problem will still be there.

 

Jump Starting A Ride-on Mower

This link shows the correct procedure for jump starting your mower using a car.

Jump Starting

Buying a Battery

When buying batteries - wet batteries will not ship with acid. Acid will need to be purchased and the battery will need to be filled and then charged, it's a lot of work. So I would buy a gel battery or a maintenance free sealed battery, these can be shipped and are fully charged and ready to roll.

 

Battery Testing

You can check the battery and alternator using a volt meter. Batteries don't like sitting idle, they were designed to be charged and discharged continuously. A battery that gets fully discharged will sometimes not come back to life.

 

 

Battery Charging 

To keep your battery in top condition over winter, you'll need a battery charger. I recommend a trickle/smart charger, they're simple to use, pop on the colour coded crocodile clips and plug it in, that's it. Forget it till next spring, then simply turn the key and mow.

 

Batteries work best and last longer when their state of charge is maintained, off season charging is always advised. Check out "Battery Charging".

 

Jump


riding mower jump starting

You can jumpstart from any 12 volt vehicle.

Test


riding mower battery test

Check battery voltage using dvom - attach volt meter to the battery and set to 20 volts.

If you have a reading above 12.5 volts - go ahead and attempt to start the mower, observe the voltage, a reading below 8 volts is a bad battery and needs to be replaced.

Charge


riding mower battery charge

Always disconnect the battery before charging. Simply connect red to red, black to black, and plug in charger.

The length of time on charge will depend how low the battery is and amp rating of charger. Usually 2-3 hours.

Ride-on mower battery jumping

Jump

You can jumpstart from any 12 volt vehicle.

Test

Check battery voltage using dvom - attach volt meter to the battery and set to 20 volts.

If you have a reading above 12.5 volts - go ahead and attempt to start the mower, watch the voltage, a reading below 8 volts is a bad battery and needs to be replaced.


Ride-on mower battery test
Ride-on mower battery jumping

Charge

Always disconnect the battery before charging. Simply connect red to red, black to black, and plug in the charger.

The length of time on charge will depend how low the battery is and the amp rating of the charger. Usually 2-3 hours cooking time.

Faulty Solenoid

The solenoid is a large relay of sorts. When you turn the key to start your mower, a 12 volt supply from the ignition switch to the solenoid activates it. The solenoids job is to connect the battery to the starter motor and crank over the engine for as long as you hold the key.

 

The click sound is the solenoid trying to work by pulling in the armature, they fail regularly and I replace lots of them. 

 

However the click sound can also be made for a few other less common reasons and without fully diagnosing, you may find replacing the solenoid doesn't solve the problem. 

 

Hey, if your feeling lucky and you don't want to do the diagnosing part, I understand. So, if your battery is full and the cables are tight, go ahead and replace the starter solenoid. They're cheap and easy to fit. 

 

Check out this lawn tractor starter solenoid on Amazon, it fits almost all models.

 

Ride-on mower engine

Solenoid

Solenoids are universal fit, they give lots trouble.

On the up side, the're easy to fit and cheap to buy.

Solenoid


riding mower starter solenoid

Solenoids are universal fit, they give lots trouble.

On the up side, the're easy to fit and cheap to buy.

Where's the Solenoid?

Often just finding the starter solenoid can be challenging, I sometimes think that they hide them for fun. If you don't find it under the hood, try under the rear wheel, behind gas tank or under the seat. 

 

The easiest way - follow the red battery cable from the battery. On some engines the starter and solenoid will be one unit (Kawasaki and Honda engines).

 

 

Repair Tools & Parts

This is a link to a list of tools and parts needed to fix your clicking tractor.

Repair Tools

Where?

Husqvarna, craftsman like to hide theirs under the rear wheel fender or under the dash beside the steering column.

However, most solenoids will be easy to locate.


mower starter solenoid

Solenoid Test


Ride-on engine

Remove

The first step in testing the solenoid - remove the spark plug.

If when removing the spark plug, gas pours from the spark plug hole - move on and check "Carburettor troubleshooting".

Test

Turn the key, if the clicking sound persists - Go ahead and replace the solenoid.

If on the other hand the engine cranks over, move on and check for excessive valve lash.


Ride-on mower ignition
Ride-on solenoid

Tight

Check the solenoid terminals, all wiring should be secure and free from corrision.

Where?


riding mower engine

Husqvarna, craftsman like to hide theirs under the rear wheel fender or under the dash beside the steering column.

However, most solenoids will be easy to find.


Solenoid Test

Remove Plug


mower engine

The first step in testing the solenoid - remove the spark plug.

If when removing the spark plug, gas pours from the spark plug hole - move on and check "Carburettor troubleshooting".

Test


mower ignition

Turn the key, if the clicking sound persists - Go ahead and replace the solenoid.

If on the other hand the engine cranks over, move on and check for excessive valve lash.

Tight


mower engine

Check the solenoid terminals, all wiring should be secure and free from corrision.

Binding Starter Motor

The gear head of the starter motor can bind against the flywheel, this locks the engine and starter motor together. So when you hit the key all you hear is the click sound.

 

 

Testing

Testing for this condition is a matter of turning the engine by hand anti-clockwise. Some engines will have a cover over the flywheel, if so, try turning the crankshaft with ratchet and socket, from the underside of the engine. 

 

If turning the motor anti-clockwise frees it up - you found your problem, the starter motor is binding. Usually a spray of wd40 on the starter gear head will fix it. If your lucky you can get the straw of the wd40 directed at the gear head without removing any covers.

 

Starters can bind for other reasons - worn bearings, worn gear head, misaligned or loose starter motor.

 

Binding 


mower starter binding

Starters can bind against the flywheel. Turning the engine anti-clockwise by hand will unlock it.

To fix it - spray starter gear with wd40 and retest. If it continues to bind replace gear head or complete starter motor. 

Ride-on mower starter

Binding

Starters can bind against the flywheel. Turning the engine anti-clockwise by hand will unlock it.

To fix it - spray the starter gear with wd40 and retest. If it continues to bind, replace gear head or complete starter motor. 

Excessive Valve Lash

Engines have valves which open and close in sequence. The inlet valve allows fuel/air mixture in. It then closes and seals the combustion chamber. After the power stroke, the exhaust valve opens, and allows spent gases out. 

 

What's Excessive Lash

It's a precise gap between valve tip and the rocker arm. As the engine wears this gap gets bigger, and will need to be adjusted. The inlet and exhaust valve lash will usually be different specs. 

 

Correct Lash

When valve lash is set correctly - you crank over the engine, the valves open and release cylinder pressure. This allows the engine to crank over at sufficient speed, in order to create a spark strong enough to start up the engine.

Incorrect Lash

When valve lash is out of spec, the valve is late opening which means pressure in the cylinder is too great for the starter to overcome, that's when you hear the click sound.Check out "Valve lash adjusting" it's for a walk behind mower, but the process is identical. Adjusting lash isn't difficult, but will require an inexpensive tool called a feeler gauge.

Test


mower engine test

If you can, place your hands on the flywheel screen - try turning the engine clockwise.

If you're unable, it's likely you have excessive valve lash.

Lash should be checked every season.  

Lash


mower valve lash

Adjusting valve lash requires an inexpensive tool caled a feeler gauge.

Test

If you can, place your hands on the flywheel screen - try turning the engine clockwise.

If you're unable, it's likely you have excessive valve lash. Lash should be checked every season.  


Ride-on valve lash
mower valve lash

Lash

Adjusting valve lash requires an inexpensive tool caled a feeler gauge.

Hydro-locking

A carburetor fuel supply usually consists of a fuel bowl, float and needle. The float is as its name suggests; a float, attached to it is a needle, with a rubber tip.

 

The function of the float is to lift the needle as the fuel level rises in the fuel bowl. When the fuel bowl is full, the needle will be pushed against the fuel feed port, sealing it.

 

Hydro-locking

Worn carburettor float needle seals have a habit of leaking gas into the cylinder and when the cylinder is full of gas, the piston can't move, this is known as hydro-locking. Because the piston can't move, the engine will often make the clicking sound as you try to start the engine.

 

Removing the spark plug and turning over the engine will release the gas, but the carburettor and the engine oil will need to be replaced.

 

Other signs that your carburettor needle seal leaks, are: over full oil level; white smoke from the muffler; oil leaking from the muffler; gas dripping from carburettor; strong smell of gas in the garage.

 

Fuel Valve Solenoid

Newer model carburetors have a fuel solenoid fitted to the bottom of the fuel bowl, its function is to stop the fuel supply when you shut the engine off. So if you have this newer type carburetor fitted, it's not likely you will have a hydro-locking condition. 

Leaking Seal

Failure commonly occurs in the older type carburetor when the rubber needle seal wears. This results in fuel continuing to fill the carburetor and eventually making its way into the cylinder and crankcase. 

Gas in the Oil

If you have gas in the oil, don't run the engine, the diluted oil offers little protection to internal components. First fix the issue by replacing the carburettor and then change the oil. Check out "Carburettor troubleshooting".

Check Oil


Riding mower oil level

Too much oil is a sign that your carburettor needle seal is leaking, unless of course you overfilled the oil yourself.

Needle


mower carburetor needle

The needle wears over time, they turn pink when worn.

The fix - replace the seal or the complete carburettor.

Using your manual fuel valve will prevent future problems.

Ride-on mower oil level too high

Check Oil

Too much oil is a sign that your carburettor needle seal is leaking, unless of course you overfilled the oil yourself.

Needle

The needle wears over time, they turn pink when worn.

The fix - replace the seal or the complete carburetor. Using your manual fuel valve will prevent future problems.


Ride-on mower carburetor seal

Faulty Ignition Switch

A faulty ignition switch can cause all kinds of problems, the click sound can be caused by a bad connection in or at the back of the switch.

 

 

Try the Wiggle Test

When turning the key, wiggle the wiring at the back of the ignition switch and see if it makes a difference. It will very often show you where the fault is. Wiring pin outs are specific to each manufacturer.

 

Mower ignition

Wiggle

Try wiggling the wires at the back of the ignition switch while attempting to start the engine, you may need a helper.

Often wires simply come loose, but do check them for corrision.

Wiggle


Riding mower ignition switch

Try wiggling the wires at the back of the ignition switch while attempting to start the engine, you may need a helper.

Often wires simply come loose, but do check them for corrision.

Faulty Control Module

Control Modules are not fitted to all mowers. The function of the control module is to receive a start request from the ignition switch, and to output a 12 volt supply to the starter solenoid, but only if all safety sensors are in the correct position. 

 

 

Control Module Test

Control modules do fail, and also suffer from loose connectors. Try the wiggle test on the connectors and check for obvious signs of water/corrosion damage. The control module will often live behind the dash board in a plastic box about the size of a mobile phone.

 

 

Mower control module

Wiggle

Like the ignition switch, wires come loose, have a helper attempt to start the engine while you wiggle the wiring connectors.

Check also for damage, water or scorch marks on the panel itself.

Wiggle


riding mower control module

Like the ignition switch, wires come loose, have a helper attempt to start the engine while you wiggle the wiring connectors.

Check also for damage, water or scorch marks on the panel itself.

Faulty Starter Motor

A faulty starter can fail electrically, mechanically, or both. Electrically - the copper winding can break; brushes can break or wear out. Mechanically - bearings top and bottom can wear, and the gear head can wear. These issues can cause the starter to bind, so all you hear is the click sound. 

 

Testing the Starter

Checking the starter motor is easy, connect a 12 volt supply direct from the mower battery (+) to the supply wire at the starter. An even easier way is to cross the starter solenoid as per the guide below.

 

If you find your starter has failed, removing and fitting a new one is simple. Starter motor for Briggs and Stratton offer a good quality starter. Be mindful that B&S have two types of starter - plastic gear head or metal, check before ordering.

Starter


Riding mower starter

Some starters will have a solenoid and starter motor combined in one unit.

To test, use a jumper lead to bring power from the positive (+) of the battery to positive post of the starter.

If the engine doesn't crank - Replace the starter.

Common Type


mower starter

Most mowers will have the starter and solenoid seperate. Solonids are fitted to the body usually under the hood. 

Testing Starter


mower solenoid test

Cross a metal screwdriver from one connection to the other, as per picture.

CAUTION THE ENGINE MAY TURN OVER.

There will be a small amount of arcing (sparking) as screwdriver contacts the poles. No risk of shock, as the system is only 12 volts. 

Test


mower solenoid test

If the engine won't crank over - your starter is faulty, replace.

Starter

Some starters will have a solenoid and starter motor combined in one unit.

To test, use a jumper lead to bring power from the positive (+) of the battery. to positive post of the starter. If the engine doesn't crank - Replace starter.


Ride-on mower starter
mower starter

Common

Most mowers will have the starter and solenoid seperate.

Solonids are fitted to the body usually under the hood. 

Test

Cross a metal screwdriver from one connection to the other, as per picture. CAUTION THE ENGINE MAY TURN OVER.

There will be a small amount of arcing (sparking) as screwdriver contacts the poles. No risk of shock, as the system is only 12 volts. 


Ride-on mower starter
mower starter

Test

If the engine won't crank over - your starter is faulty, replace.

Internal Engine Damage

If you're still reading, I fear the worst has happened. It's unusual for mower engines to fail completely. They're generally well built robust units. I have seen failures like: con rod breaking out through the engine casing; main bearing seizing; con rod bending; cylinder head failures. Some of these faults can be repaired but most are uneconomic to repair.

 

New Engine

On the upside, if you have total failure, a complete engine fully built with guarantee are available and fitting involves 4 bolts, 2 electrical connectors, fuel line, throttle cable and crank pulley.

 

B&S engines are a great quality unit, ready to go. Completed job will take less than two hours. Be mindful all engines are shipped without oil.

 

Failure


damaged mower engine

Total failure doesn't happen often.

A hard life, low/poor quality oil without doubt increase the chances. 

Failure

Total failure doesn't happen often.

A hard life, low/poor quality oil without doubt increase the chances. 


Ride-on mower starter

Related Questions

Relates Questions

Can you jump start a car with bad starter?  A flat or bad battery is a more common fault than a bad starter. Try jump starting, if your mower starts, the battery needs attention. If the jump start doesn't work, investigate a faulty solenoid or starter motor.

 

Can a bad alternator ruin a battery? Yes it can. An alternator has two main components, a voltage regulator, which monitors and controls battery charging, and the alternator whose function is to create voltage. Common problems include regulator failure which cooks the battery and alternator diode failure which depletes battery charge

 

Auto Technician and Writer at | Website

John Cunningham is an Automotive Technician and writer on Lawnmowerfixed.com. I've been a mechanic for over twenty years, I use my knowledge and experience to write "How to" articles that help fellow gear-heads with all aspects of mechanical repairs, from lawn mowers to classic cars.