Can You Jump Start a Riding Mower With a Car?

Can You Jump Start a Riding Mower With a Car?

Jump starting lawn tractor Procedure

Jumping Mower Battery

Yes, you can jump start a riding lawn mower with a car, most mowers operate a 12 volt system. Put the jumpers on in sequence 1, 2, 3, 4 and start your mower.  With the mower running, remove the jumpers in reverse order  4, 3, 2 and 1. Job Done!

 

Not sure you have a 12 volt system - check the battery details on your mower. A sticker or stamp on the casing of the battery will indicate the voltage. Common locations for batteries to be found - under hood; under seat; under drink holder; behind wheel and lots of other hard to find places. 

 

 

 

Safety

Before attempting to jump start, check that the battery is secure and not leaking. Leaking battery acid will burn your skin, so if the battery is wet, use gloves and eye protection. Check also that the terminals are secure and not damaged. Damaged or loose terminals will cause arcing and prevent the flow of power to the starter.

 

 

Battery Cleaning

If your battery posts are dirty, clean them before jumpstarting. First, kit yourself out with protective eye wear and gloves. It will look like a white crusty build up on the terminals and battery posts.

 

Dirty, corroded or loose terminals creates a resistance to the flow of power from the battery to your starter, and in return prevents the recharging of the battery by the alternator. Sprinkle some baking soda on the terminals and add a small amount of water, this will neutralize the acid and remove the corrosion.

 

Use a wire brush to clean the surface. Now remove the terminals and clean around the poles and the terminals. Apply a coat of petroleum jelly to help protect against corrosion.

 

 

 

Battery Terminals

Battery terminals (connections) often come loose because of mower vibration, and as you know, corrosion is also common. 

 

If your battery terminals are damaged or badly corroded, replace them. Damaged cables may have broken wires within, this causes excessive resistance. Often you may notice the cables getting very hot while your attempting to start the mower, this is a sign of high resistance. Replace with good quality leads and terminals.

 

 

1 Battery Wire


mower battery cables

Damaged, worn or dirty cables will mimic a flat/faulty battery.

So always check battery cables and terminals before condeming the battery.

mower battery leads

Cables

Damaged, worn or dirty cables will mimic a flat/faulty battery.

So always check battery cables and terminals before condeming the battery.

Jumping/Boosting

The jump/Boost start procedure is very simple, obviously you'll need a set of booster cables. If you need to buy boosters, buy a good quality set. Poor quality cables won't make a good connection and make the whole job a lot more difficult.

 

I recently bought a set of Cartman boosters on Amazon for the workshop, I like that cables stay flexible in cold weather and the jaw clamps grip firmly, my guess is I'll have them years, but I'll keep you updated.

 

 

Battery Poles

Battery poles are usually color coded but will definitely be marked Red (+) for positive and Black (-) for negative. Move your vehicle close to the mower and pop the hood to access the battery. You will likely have to remove a plastic shield from the car battery terminals.

 

Then simply match the colors of the leads with the batteries. Always begin by fitting the Red (+) jump lead to both (+) battery poles first. Then fit the Black (-) lead to both battery poles.

 

Now start your mower and while running, remove the Black leads first and then the Red, that's it!

 

 

 

Mower Just Clicks

If you tried jump starting your mower or the battery tested ok, then you may have a starter solenoid fault, these guys give lots of trouble, so it's highly likely, but it's not the only possible cause of the click sound.

 

Check out my simple easy to follow guide, we'll test the solenoid and I'll show you the other common causes of the click sound - "Won't start just clicks". 

 

 

Mower Won't Start - No Click

If you tried jump starting or the battery tested ok, but the mower makes no sound at all when you turn the key - You may simply have an open safety sensor, like not sitting on the seat or brake pedal not pressed, or you could have a more complex issue.

 

Anyway, I wrote a guide to help you find the problem, check out all the most likely causes here "Mower won't start - no click".

 

 

 

Ride-on battery Ride-on battery

1 Check

All modern mowers run a 12 volt systems, and its perfectly OK to jump start from your car.

If you are unsure, check the battery casing, it will be marked. Check the car battery too.

2 Tight

Mower blades and engines cause a lot of vibration, bolts come loose from time to time. Check both  connections, positive red (+) and negative black (-) are clean, tight and in good condition.


Mower battery
jump leads

3 Jumpers

Use good quality jump leads, these are my old worn out ones.

4 Red On

Start by connecting the positive red (+) of mower to red (+) of car.

Battery removed here for demo.


ride on jump starting
jump leads

5 Black On

Now connect the negative black (-) on the mower to the negative black (-) of the car.

6 Start

After starting the mower, allow it run for a couple of minutes while still connected.

Remove the jumpers in reverse order, see the picture at the top of the page.

If your mower makes no noise at all when you turn the key - Check out "Won't Start, No Click".

If your mower just clicks - Check out "Won't Start Just Clicks".


ride on ignition switch

1 Check Spec


ride-on battery spec ride-on battery spec

All modern mowers run a 12 volt systems, and its perfectly OK to jump start from your car.

If you are unsure, check the battery casing, it will be marked.

2 Tight


mower battery cables

Mower blades and engines cause a lot of vibration, bolts come loose from time to time.

Check both  connections, positive red (+) and negative black (-) are clean, tight and in good condition.

3 Jumpers


jump leads

Use good quality jump leads. These are my old worn out ones.

4 Red On


mower battery jumping

Start by connecting the positive red (+) of mower to red (+) of car.

Battery removed here for demo.

5 Black On


mower jumping

Now connect the negative black (-) on the mower to the negative black (-) of the car.

6 Start


ride-on jump starting

After starting the mower, allow it run for a couple of minutes while still connected.

Remove the jumpers in reverse order, see the picture at the top of the page.

If your mower makes no noise at all when you turn the key - Check out "Won't Start, No Click".

If your mower just clicks - Check out "Won't Start Just Clicks".

Tractor Battery Function

The function of a lawn tractor battery, is to start the engine, once started the alternator then produces the power required to run electrical systems and recharge the battery. Batteries are designed to give, receive and store electrical current. 

 

A strong healthy battery is critical to starting a lawn tractor mower. A mower engine only creates enough energy for the spark plug to fire if the engine cranks over fast enough, min 350rpm. So if your mower cranks but won't start, try jump starting to eliminate the possibility of a faulty battery causing a slow crank speed.

 

Once the engines running, a bad battery isn't so important, that's why a mower with a bad battery still runs after you remove the jumper leads. See crank testing the battery below.

 

 

 

Battery Testing

Checking for a full 12.65 volts on a battery at rest is fine for giving you an indication of the state of charge, but it's not a gurantee that it's ok. To test a battery for faults, it needs to be loaded, and by loaded I mean worked hard.

 

100% charged is 12.7 - 13.2 volts

75% charged is 12.4 volts 

50% cahrged is 12.2 volts

25% charged is 12.0 volts

Discharged (Flat)  0 - 11.9 volts

 

The fast and easy way to check the battery - use a volt meter set to 20 volts DC. Connect red to red and black to black and have a helper crank over the engine, if the voltage drops below 9 volts on crank, you've got a faulty battery. 

 

 

12 Volt Battery

A typical lawn tractor battery is 12 volts. They are made up of six individual cells, each producing 2.10 volts. This makes a total of 12.65 volts when fully charged, however referred to as a 12 volt battery.

 

Within each cell is opposing lead plates of cathode and anode submerged in electrolyte. The chemical reaction of these opposing lead plates causes electrons to flow - producing electricity.

 

 

What Battery Type

There are many different type batteries, wet, gel, Agm..... My advice, lets keep this simple. 

 

Don't buy a wet battery, you'll know a wet battery - it has fluid top up plugs across the top of the battery. These batteries leak and usually all over the connectors causing corrosion. It needs to be topped up regularly and if you don't, you'll kill it and void the warranty.

 

They can't be stored indoors safely. Can't be shipped with acid, so if you buy it on line, you'll have to go to an auto store and buy acid. Then using suitable gloves, eye protection and a mask (because this stuff is nasty), fill the battery cells individually, careful not overfill them. Now you'll need to charge the battery, so you'll need a charger, back to the auto store......

 

Just Buy a sealed battery, they're easy to handle, no risk of leaks, no topping up of electrolyte needed, can be shipped and arrive locked and loaded.

 

Crank Testing


mower battery testing

To test a battery, it needs to be loaded. 

With a volt meter set to volts DC, red to red and black to black.

Have a helper crank over the engine, if the meter drops to 9 volts or less, the battery is faulty.

Charging System Testing


mower charging testing

If you have a volt meter, checking your charging system is easy.

With thew engine running, set your meter to volts DC and connect the red to red and black to black.

Any reading above 12.65 volts means your charging system is ok.

Crank Testing

To test a battery, it needs to be loaded. 

With a volt meter set to volts DC, red to red and black to black.

Have a helper crank over the engine, if the meter drops to 9 volts or less, the battery is faulty.


Volt meter

Charging System Testing

If you have a volt meter, checking your charging system is easy.

With the engine running, set your meter to volts DC and connect the red to red and black to black.

Any reading above 12.65 volts means your charging system is ok.


Battery charger

Battery Shape

Batteries are classified by the shape, size, and orientation of posts and are given a group code, such as U1R this code will be marked on the battery. If you get this wrong the battery would still start the mower OK, but may not fit in its location or the leads may not reach the battery posts.

 

If you don't want to mess around with codes, just measure the battery height, width and depth, note which side the posts are and if negative or positive. Go on line and you'll be juiced up in no time.

 

 

 

 

How Many Amps

The bigger your mower engine, the more amps will be required to turn that engine over. The output of the battery is very important.

 

When diagnosing electrial systems, and thinking about Volts, Amps, Resistance within that system and how all relate to each other, I find it helpful to think about energy as water in a garden Hose.

 

Volts being the water pressure in the garden hose 

Amps being the water flow rate from the garden hose 

Resistance being the size of the garden hose

 

 

 

 

Amps

A single cylinder lawn tractor starter motor will draw 80 - 100 Amps, when starting the engine. The more mechanical resistance in the engine, the larger the draw. For example, in cold weather when the engine oil is thicker, it's harder for the starter to turn the engine and so it draws more energy (amps).

 

 

Excessive Amp Draw

A starter pulling excessive amps will mimic a flat battery. Measuring amp draw is simple, however you will need a clamp meter. A typical lawn mower battery will be rated and marked on a sticker 12 V -  32 Ah - 280 A.

  •  
  • 12 v = 12 Volts
  • 32 Ah = Means this battery can supply 1 Amp for 32 hours (1 Amp would be equivalent to a small light)
  • 280 A = Max amount of Amps available

 

Other common reasons for a larger amp draw: worn starter motor; binding starter motor; engine damage; engine hydro-locked; over full oil level; wrong oil type; miss adjusted valve lash; failed compression release assembly.

 

How To Charge Mower Battery

To charge your riding mower battery, you will obviously need a battery charger. You don't need to remove the battery from the mower but you will need to remove the black negative (-) cable terminal connection. Your mower may be fitted with a sealed maintenance free battery or a regular lead acid battery, both can be charged with a normal charger.

 

I prefare to use a smart charger, they're safe to leave on your mower all winter and can also be used as a normal battery charger.

 

 

Totatly Flat Hack

If your battery is fully discharged, the battery charger will not charge it, it's designed that way. To hack this we need to fool the charger, simply connect the flat battery to a charged battery with jump leads in the normal way, then connect the charger and charge. The jump leads and donor battery can be removed after an hour.

 

Wet Battery Charging

A regular lead acid battery will have a fluid level indicator and removable cell caps as per pictures below. A wet battery will need the cell caps removed and fluid level checked before charging.

 

Top up with distilled water or rain water caught in a plastic container. Do not fill past max level. If you find any of the cells dry, then its likely the battery is junk. Advise using protective eye wear and gloves.

Sealed Battery Charging

The sealed battery is much less work, you only need remove the negative terminal before charging. You'll recognise a sealed battery, it won't have the fluid caps or fluid level indicator.

 

 

mower battery testing

1 Volts

A fully charged 12 v battery reads 12.65volts.

Any reading below 12.4 means the battery needs a charge.

2 Remove

Before charging the battery remove the negative terminal.

No need to remove the positive terminal.


Ride-on mower Battery
Ride-on mower battery fluid level

3 Fluid

If you have a regular lead acid battery, you will have a fluid level mark.

Check the level, it can be seen through the casing. 

1 Volt Check


battery volt check

A fully charged 12 v battery reads 12.65volts.

Any reading below 12.4 means the battery needs a charge.

2 Remove


riding mower battery terminal

Before charging the battery remove the negative terminal.

No need to remove the positive terminal.

3 Fluid


riding mower battery fluid

If you have a regular lead acid battery, you will have a fluid level mark.

Check the level, it can be seen through the casing.

The brake pedal must be pressed in order to start the motor. Putting on the park brake will also allow you start the mower.

4 Top Up

Remove all plastic caps. Top up with distilled water or rain water caught in a plastic container. Fill to max.

Use safety glasses and gloves, ACID WILL BURN CLOTHES AND SKIN


Ride-on mower battery fluid
Mower battery charging

5 Sealed

You don't need to remove a battery to charge it, but sometimes removing it can be easier.

A sealed battery is maintenance free, just disconnect the negative wire and charge.

4 Top Up


MOWER BATTERY FLUID TOP UP

Remove all plastic caps. Top up with distilled water or rain water caught in a plastic container.

Fill to max.  Use safety glasses and gloves, ACID WILL BURN CLOTHES AND SKIN.

5 Sealed


Sealed battery charging

You don't need to remove a battery to charge it, but sometimes removing it can be easier.

A sealed battery is maintenance free, just disconnect the negative wire and charge.

6 Connect


mower battery charging

The charger is connected red to positive and black to negative, as per picture.

Charge time - about 2 hours.

6 Charger

The charger is connected red to positive and black to negative, as per picture.

Charge time - about 2 hours.


Battery charger

Smart Charge Mower Battery

Consider buying a Smart/trickle charger, these chargers are connected to your mower when not in use. They put out a low amp charge 1 to 3 amps which maintains your battery. 

 

I treated my own tractor mower last year to a new smart charger, I bought the Noco Genius smart charger, check the price here on Amazon. I'm very happy with it so far, it's simple to use and works on all battery types.

 

 

 

Trickle Chargers

There are different types of trickle chargers: 

Manual which needs to be turned on and off.

Smart auto charger - turn themselves on and off as the battery requires.

Hybrid version that will double as a high amp charger when needed.

Solar trickle versions are also available.

 

 

Using Trickle Charger

Connecting them is simple, pop on the color coded crocodile clips and plug it in. This leaves you with a fully charged battery every time you turn the key. Batteries work best and last longer when their state of charge is maintained, off season charging is always advised.

 

How Long to Charge Mower Battery?

This will depend on the size of the battery, how depleted that battery is, and the type of charger your using. There are fast chargers, trickle chargers and smart chargers, all will vary in charge time.

 

 

 

Amp Rating

Chargers are amp rated so, for example - the mower battery is a 32 amp hour (Ah) and totally flat. Using a 10 amp charger to fully charge it, will take approximately 3 hours. The Hybrid smart chargers are the best and of course are more expensive, they are designed to charge and maintain your battery when the mower isn't in use. They will turn off and on as needed.