Can I Use 10W30 In My Mower?

Ride-on oil chart

Can I Use 10w30 In My Mower?

Ride-on oil chart

Can I use 10w30 in my mower? Yes you can use 10w30 in a lawn mower engine, however oil type recommendations will vary between makes and you should of course use the oil type specified in your users manual.

How Much Oil?

The amount of oil depends on the engine type and size. Most Briggs & Stratton single cylinder riding mowers will take from empty approximately 1.5 quarts (1.42 lts), more if they're fitted with an oil filter 1.62 quarts (1.54 lts). Twin cylinder B&S take 2 quarts (1.9lts).

 

For exact spec, check out:

Briggs and Stratton specification

Honda specification

Kohler specification

Kawasaki specification

 

What Oil Type?

Mostly oil type is dependent upon outside temperatures as this changes the Viscosity (resistance to flow) of oil. Modern engines will use a multi-grade such as 10W30 and older engines SAE30.

Single Weight Oil

Single weight oils such as SAE30 have a good working range (40 to 100 deg F), fine for older engines. I prefer to use multi grade oils, they offer greater protection from temperature swings, and modern mowers were designed to use them. If your using any 4 stroke engine in colder temperatures, you'll need a multi-grade oil. 

 

Multi Grade Oil

Multi-grade oil was developed to help better protect engines within a larger temperature swing range. Oil has a harder time flowing in colder temperatures. Before the development of multi grade oil engines owners would change their oil to a lighter grade in preperation for winter use. 

 

Multi grade, so called as they are blended oils. Take for example the grade 10w30. The 10W part relates to the grade of winter oil in the blend and the 30 part relates to the protection offered at hotter temperatures. The resistance to flow rate is tested and graded at 0 degrees F and at 212 degrees F.

 

Synthetic Oil

Synthetic oil is basically a man made oil, manufactured in a lab like a chemical. Part synthetic is obviously man made synthetic oil, blended with oil made by nature.

 

Part synthetic and full synthetic oils will offer the very best protection, however they're expensive. 

 

Detergent

Another great advantage to modern blended oils is the detergent component which actually cleans and beaks down combustion related contaminates, (Black sludge aka Black death) which would eat away at the metal and clog up vital oil passage ways.

 

Use only quality oils, otherwise you may void your warranty. Look for the seal of ‚ÄčAPI (American Petroleum Institute) and ACEA (Association des Constructeurs Europeens d'Automobiles).

 

I tell my customers that an oil change is must do maintenance that should be performed at least once per season. Oil is cheap relative to a new engine.

How to Check Oil

The oil level is best checked cold, and on level ground. If your engine's been running, just allow the oil to settle for a few minutes before checking. Remove dip stick and wipe clean, install dipstick, do not screw into its seat, now remove to check level.

 

If your oil level is high and your engine is smoky, you may have a carburetor fault, don't run the engine as you will damage it. I wrote this guide to help you check and repair/replace your carburetor - "Carburetor float needle".

Dipsticks

Style of dipsticks vary, however they all operate on the same idea. Upper mark means it's full and a lower mark means it's empty. These marks can be holes, lines, hatched area etc. An oil level between these two marks is okay, but aim to have our oil towards the top mark.

Adding Oil

If you need to add oil, add in small amounts and allow it to settle before rechecking. If you have too much oil, drain some off and recheck. 

Removing Oil

If you have overfilled the oil, removing some is easy. I wrote this simple guide including pictures,on how to service your tractor -  "Tractor mower tune-up".

 

Ride-on mower engine

1 Level

The ride-on mower should be cold, on level ground and tires should be evenly pumped.

If your mower has already been running, just allow the oil to settle for few minutes before checking.

2 Locate

Locate the dipstick. Usually they are positioned on the side of the engine.

The dipstick itself will be marked with an oil symbol or can be brightly coloured.


mower engine dip stick
Mower dipstick

3 Dipstick

Dipsticks come in different styles but all do the same job.

A lower mark (L) and an full mark (F). When the oil level is in the hatched area, it's ok, but aim to have it at the F mark.

1 Level


riding mower engine

The mower should be cold and on level ground.

If your mower has already been running, just allow the oil to settle for five minutes before checking.

2 Locate


riding mower dip stick

Locate the dipstick. Usually they are positioned on the side of the engine.

The dipstick itself will be marked with an oil symbol or can be brightly coloured.

3 Dipsticks


riding mower dipstick

Dipsticks come in different styles but all do the same job. A lower mark (L) and an full mark (F).

When the oil level is in the hatched area, it's ok, but aim to have it at the F mark.

4 Low Oil

This oil level is way too low.

It's below the low oil level mark indicated here by the hole. 


Mower oil low
mower oil

5 Add Oil

Add oil in small amounts and this will prevent over filling.

Let the oil settle before checking.

4 Too Low


Riding mower oil too low

Add oil in small amounts and this will prevent over filling. Let the oil settle before checking.

5 Add Oil


mower add oil

Add oil in small amounts and this will prevent over filling. Let the oil settle before checking.

6 Oil Ok


mower oil ok

This is the correct level for oil. Check the oil with every refueling.

7 Oil Too Full


mower add oil

Too much oil here, it's way above the full mark.

This can damage the engine, cause oil leaks and excessive white smoke.

If oil level is very full it will stall the engine.

6 Oil Ok

This is the correct level for oil.

Check the oil with every refueling.


mower oil ok
mower oil too full

7 Too Full

Too much oil here, it's way above the full mark. This can damage the engine, cause oil leaks and excessive white smoke.

If the oil level is very full, it will stall the engine.

Why Check Engine Oil

The correct quantity and quality of oil is critically important to the life of the engine. Some mowers are fitted with a safety switch which won't allow the mower to start if the oil level is low. Not all mowers have this feature so it's important to check your oil regularly.

 

An incorrect oil level can damage your engine beyond economic repair. An oil level that's too low causes excessive heat, friction and premature wear or complete seizure of the engine.

 

An oil level that's too high can cause aeration of the oil, reducing its ability to cool and lubricate. Too much oil can also cause your engine to leak oil, smoke, or just not start.

 

Lawn mower engines that don't have an oil filter generally don't have an oil pump. This means they employ the splash method of lubrication, an overfull oil level on these type engines can be especially harmful.

 

When to Change Engine Oil

It is advisable to check your oil regularly, an easy way to remember is to check it every time you fill the fuel tank. Change your oil once per season or every 50 hours of operation. The oil needs to be changed as it gets contaminated and diluted by fuel and other deposits associated with combustion and metal friction. 

 

If neglected this oil turns into a diluted sludge which offers little protection to the engine. Changing your oil is a simple job that you can do yourself, usually only basic tools are required.

 

Follow this simple guide and you'll be tuned-up in no time at all, check out "Lawn mower oil change".

 

Related Questions

Is there a difference between 4 cycle oil and regular oil? No, 4 cycle oil is regular engine oil. Common engine oils used in lawn mowers are SAE30, 5W30 and 10W30.

 

Does a lawn mower need oil to start? A lawn mower engine will start without oil, but you must never do so, even running it for a short time will cause serous engine damage. Some models are fitted with a fail safe switch that prevents the engine starting if the oil is low.

Auto Technician and Writer at | Website

John Cunningham is an Automotive Technician and writer on Lawnmowerfixed.com. I've been a mechanic for over twenty years, I use my knowledge and experience to write "How to" articles that help fellow gear-heads with all aspects of mechanical repairs, from lawn mowers to classic cars.