By: Author John Cunningham. Published: 2019/02/05 at 2:13 pm
Blowing black smoke like a train, spluttering, and no power, this mower is useless. What’s going on?
Why is my lawnmower blowing black smoke? The most common reason for black smoke from a lawnmower engine – the choke is set to “On”.
Other possible reasons:
- Choke stuck “On“
- Blocked air filter
- Faulty carburetor
When your mower starts and warms up, move the throttle lever off the choke position. A choke is only needed for cold starts. Black smoke is a sign that the engine is getting too much fuel or not enough air. Check out “How to start a lawn mower”
Black Smoke – Diagnosing the root cause of black smoke isn’t difficult, but if you need a little video help, check out mower repair video library, it walks you through the diagnosing process step by step, checking the choke, air filter, and carburetor faults.
Choke Set To “On”
Many mower owners may not be fully familiar with the choke and how to use it, or it could be a faulty choke system. (more on that below). In any event, a choke is only required when an engine is cold. When the engine warms, coke should be turned off. Using a choke on a warm engine will cause black smoke and rough running. If you are unfamiliar with choke control, check out “How to start a mower?”. (More on choke stuck on below)
Choke Control – Turn choke off as the engine warms up.
Blocked Air Filter
The filter should be checked and cleaned every 25 hours and more often in dusty environments, replaced every 100 hours. Most engine manufacturers make it easy for owners to quickly check the air filter. Filter covers are usually held on by plastic clips or simple wing nuts.
The easy way to check if the filter is the cause of the black smoke, remove the filter and if the smoke clears, replace the filter. Go ahead and remove the filter, run the engine, if the smoke clears, replace that filter.
Check Air Filter – Wet or dirty filter is a common cause of black smoke and it’s easy to check. Clean air is as important as fuel.
Filtering the air before it enters the engine prevents grit from damaging the carburetor and engine components, it also settles the air.
Filter types– Common filter types are pleated paper elements, fiber elements, and foam. Some air filters will have a pre-filter, usually foam, wrapped around the main filter; its function is to catch larger debris.
Paper and fiber elements can be cleaned using compressed air or banging them on the groundwork reasonably well. If these filters are oil or fuel-soaked they will need to be replaced as this blocks air flow and that causes black smoke, poor running, and no starts and flooding. You can check out a video on how to unflood an engine here.
Foam elements can be washed in soapy water, B&S coats their foam air filters with engine oil; this helps trap the fine dust particulars. Never oil paper filters. Check out “Mower tune-up guide”
The carburetor’s job is to meter the gas and mix it with the air precisely at 14.7 parts air to one part gas. The black smoke is un-burnt gas; the carburetor is supplying more gas to the engine than it can handle.
Faulty Carburetor – So to keep this simple, if the choke is off, your filter is clean, but you are still blowing black smoke. Suspect a faulty carburetor.
You can try cleaning the carburetor, but too much gas is a sign of a faulty carburetor; I would go ahead and replace it, check out “Carburetor cleaning”
Or check out the carburetor cleaning video here.
If you need a new carburetor, check out the Amazon carburetor link below.Amazon Lawnmower Carburetors
What Does The Choke Do?
As you know, the function of a choke or priming bulb is to enrich the fuel mixture, so a cold engine starts smoothly. Your mower engine will be fitted with one or the other. The choke enriches the mix by restricting the amount of air entering the carburetor. The priming bulb does it by injecting extra fuel.
Air/Fuel Ratio – Gas engines run best when the ratio of air to fuel is 14.7 to 1. Meaning 14.7 parts air to 1 part fuel, also known as the air-fuel ratio (AFR). Using the choke or priming bulb counteracts the lean condition caused by the dense cold air on a cold start.
Faulty Choke Test
Manual Choke – Most mowers will typically have a lever to control choke, if a choke flap is sticking in the on position (closed), the mower will run rough and blow black smoke. Cables will need adjustment from time to time.
As the engine warms a little, move the choke to the fast/run position. Check that the choke is moving to the off (open) position; if not, adjust the cable.
Check out the choke testing video here.
Auto Choke – More recent engines from Briggs & Stratton and Honda offer a thermostatically controlled automatic choke system.
It’s a simple setup – a thermostat, positioned beside the muffler, pushes open the choke flap progressively as the engine heats.
Auto choke – As the engine warms, the choke flap should open automatically.
Check that it’s moving to the off position; if not, check for binding links or a faulty thermostat.
Primer Bulb – This type of setup won’t cause black smoke; if you have a primer bulb type carburetor and it blows black smoke even with the air filter removed, the carburetor is faulty.
Lawnmower blowing white smoke and leaking oil why? The most common reason a lawnmower blows white smoke is too much oil in the engine; removing the excess oil, and running the engine until the smoke clears.
Kohler engine blowing black smoke? Common reasons a Kohler blows black smoke include:
- Choke on
- Choke stuck on
- Blocked air filter
- Faulty carburetor
- About the Author
- Latest Posts
John Cunningham is an Automotive Technician and writer at Lawnmowerfixed.com.
He’s been a mechanic for over twenty-five years and shares his know-how and hands-on experience in our DIY repair guides.
Johns’s fluff-free How-to guides help homeowners fix lawnmowers, tractor mowers, chainsaws, leaf blowers, power washers, generators, snow blowers, and more.